cod. 1006130

Academic year 2021/22
1° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Patologia generale (MED/04)
Scienze biomediche
Type of training activity
21 hours
of face-to-face activities
3 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit


Learning objectives

Allow the student to know and understand, at a basic level, the etiologic agents present in the environment that are responsible for disease manifestations and the occurrence of tumors. The acquisition of knowledge of medical terminology is intended to allow the student to apply the knowledge and understanding gained in the professional future.


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Course unit content

Physical, chemical and biological causes of the disease. Environmental and nutritional pathology. Molecular and cellular oncology and the aetiology of cancer.

Full programme

The biological homeostasis. Health and disease. The pathogenic factors. Biological bases in preparation for the course.
The biological basis of cancer. Terminology. Benign and malignant tumors.
Chemical, physical and biological causes of tumors. Chemical Carcinogenesis. Initiation and promotion.
The extrinsic pathogenic factors. Causes of disease of physical nature: transfer of mechanical, thermal, electrical and electromagnetic energy.
Radiation. Radioactivity: accidental and caused emissions. Biological damage from ionizing and exciting radiations.
Causes of chemical nature. Pollution of the natural environment: air, water, soil. Industrial pollution and occupational hazards. Inorganic and organic substances.
Food Pollution. Toxic foods. Accidental and intentional contamination.
Contamination from individual peculiar habits. Smoking, alcohol, drug addictions. Causes of biological nature. Nutritional Pathology.
Basic immunology


- Parola M. “Patologia Generale ed elementi di fisiopatologia” EDISES

- Pontieri G.M. “Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale” III edizione PICCIN

- Lakhani S. “Le basi della patologia generale” CEA editrice

Didactic resources used during lessons (ie, PowerPoint slides) have to be considered an integral part of the reference bibliography; they will be available on the Elly site, on the course page.

Teaching methods

During the lectures will be presented and discussed the topics listed in the program trying to involve the student so that he/she can be an active part of the lesson. Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids, or video-recording of the lectures.
The teacher is available for further explanations in the office or by distance via Teams after e-mail appointment, or via chat on the Elly platform.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course provides an oral examination. Through questions regarding the course content will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and if he/she has reached the goal of applying the acquired knowledge. The student at the end of the course, using the knowledge gained will need to demonstrate knowledge and understanding about the causes that can alter the state of health with particular reference to cancer. In case the COVID-related sanitary emergence continues, the examination will proceed on the Teams platform (see the guidelines at the address: http://selma.unipr.it/).

Other information

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