PHOTONIC DEVICES
cod. 1005253

Academic year 2020/21
2° year of course - Second semester
Professor
CUCINOTTA Annamaria
Academic discipline
Campi elettromagnetici (ING-INF/02)
Field
Ingegneria delle telecomunicazioni
Type of training activity
Characterising
72 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ENGLISH

Learning objectives


Knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course the student will acquire the basic knowledge relating electromagnetic propagation at optical frequencies in dielectric guiding structures, such as guides and optical fibers. These knowledge is necessary in order to understand the operation principles of telecommunication systems. The student has to acquire the knowledge of operation principles of fundamental devices, such as lasers, optical amplifiers, optical couplers and gratings. New approaches and analysis tools will be provided as long as important novelty in the field of photonics and optoelectronics.Applying knowledge and understanding
-analysis and description of the architecture of an optical fiber telecommunication system;- evaluate the main characteristics and specifications of the main photonic devices;- find the solutions for the project of optical fibers and photonic devices for several applicationsMaking judgements
On passing the exam the student will develop the ability to critically evaluate the properties of several devices. The skill of analyzing data sheets of optical devices, also very complex ones, in order to predict their behavior and design their utilization.Communication skills
On passing the exam the student should acquire good language property, in particular as regards the technical terminology specific of the course.Learning skills
Students who take the course will be able to deepen their knowledge in the field of photonic devices by consulting on their own specialized texts or dissemination journals, even outside of the topics covered closely in class.

Prerequisites


None

Course unit content


The course gives the knowledge necessary to study the electromagnetic propagation at optical frequencies in guiding dielectric structures, as guides and optical fibers. The transmission properties of optical fiber are deeply coverd. The main devices such as lasers, optical amplifiers, and optical couplers will be deeply analyzed. New approaches and analysis tools will be provided as long as important novelty in the field of photonics and optoelectronics.

Full programme


Lecture 1-2
Introduction. Simmetric slab.
Lecture 3
Optical fiber. Numerical aperture. V-number. Fractional refractive index difference.
Lecture 4-5
Step-index fiber. TE, TM, EH e HE guided modes.
Lecture 6
Weakly guiding fiber. LP guided modes.
Lecture 7
Power confinement factor and its dependence on V-number.
Lecture 8
Gaussian approximation: spot size and mode field diameter.
Lecture 9
Graded index fibers.
Lecture 10
Fiber trasmissive properties: attenuation. Intrinsic and extrinsic attenuation causes. Rayleigh scattering. Ultra violet and infra-red absorption.
Lecture 11
Macro and micro-bending losses. Data sheets of commercial fiber types.
Lecture 12-13
Fiber trasmissive properties: intermodal and intramodal dispersion,chromatic dispersion. Dispersion Shifted Fibers (DSFs), Non-Zero Dispersion Shifted Fibers (NZDSFs).
Lecture 14
Dispersion Compensating Fibers (DCFs). Example of a DCF design.
Lecture 15
Plastic optical fibers: material, attenuation, core and cladding dimensions.
Lecture 16
Optical amplification principles.
Lecture 17
Population rate equations. Four, three and two levels systems.
Lecture 18
Propagation rate equations. Absorption and gain coefficient.
Lecture 19-20
Rare earth doped fiber amplifies. Design, schemes, forward and backward pumping, gain, noise figure. Evolution of signals, pumps and ASE powers a long the fiber. C, L, and S band optical amplification.
Lecture 21
Silicate, tellurite and florurate fibers.
Lecture 22
Fiber lasers.
Lecture 23
Semiconductor optical amplifiers. Light emitting diodes (LEDs) and Lasers. Designs and physical operation principles.
Lecture 24
Single longitudinal mode lasers. DFB e DBR. Tunable lasers.
Lectures 25-26
Receivers. Photodetectors. Photodiodes.
Lecture 27
PIN, Avalanches photodiodes. Noise sources.
Lecture 28
Passive Components. Couplers/splitters.
Lecture 29-30
Wavelength Division Multiplexers and Demultiplexers (WDM MUXs/DEMUXs).
Lecture 31-32
Isolators, Circulators and Attenuators.
Lecture 33
Mach-Zehnder interferometer filters.
Lecture 34-35
Splitters and star-couplers, multiplexer and demultiplexer.
Lecture 36
Optical modulators.

Bibliography


S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, Optical and Photonic Components, Società editrice Esculapio, 2015, ISBN: 978-88-7488-924-2

Teaching methods

Classroom lectures with the aid of Power Point.Lab experiments.
PyThon lab.

Assessment methods and criteria


The summative learning assessment is carried out in three stage: a presentation prepared by the student on a topic strictly related to the course and decided in agreement with the professor. In the presentation, the student should demonstrate the understanding of the topic principles, the knowledge of the definition and units of measure of all the quantities that are introduced, and to be able to identify the possible applications.a written exam in order to verify the ability to calculate the main quantities of interest for an optical fiber or a photonic device2) a final oral exam in order to verify the capacity of correlate the basic knowledge in order to understand the properties and the characteristic of the different photonic devices considered in the lectures.

Other information

It's strongly advised to attend the course.