cod. 1004853

Academic year 2018/19
1° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Igiene generale e applicata (MED/42)
Scienze interdisciplinari cliniche
Type of training activity
14 hours
of face-to-face activities
2 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Integrated course unit module: BASICS OF PREVENTION

Learning objectives

The course aims is to let the student understand, regarding to the various infectious and contagious diseases, what are the conditions, factors and situations which are associated with the risk of their spread and to acquire and apply preventive strategies to be adopted for their control.

The student will gain the ability to identify, within the different types of transmission of infectious disease and specifically for each pathology treated, the "critical points" of diffusion, any categories of persons which are most exposed in relation to the professional activity, the implications associated with the propagation of infectious pathogens and the types of preventive action to be implemented.


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Course unit content

After a short reference to most important microbiology principles, the first section of the course will deal, in a general way, with the most important infectious and diffusive pathogens which are associated with a occupational or environmental risk of exposure; in particular aspects of oral-fecal, parenteral, aerial and injury related transmission we will be explored.

Then it will continue with a more specific study of the most important diseases associated with professional activities highlighting the epidemiological aspects and the basic prevention strategies that can be adopted to control their spread.

The course, finally, will conclude with a discussion of immunological and pharmacological prevention strategies for the control of infectious diseases in occupational hazard.

Full programme

Transmission routes in the professional and environmental impact of major infectious diseases: oral-fecal, parenteral, air and trauma related transmission.
• Diseases transmitted by fecal-oral route: Hepatitis A
• Diseases transmitted by parenteral route: HBV, HCV, HIV infections
• Airborne diseases: influenza, TBC
• Diseases transmitted in association with trauma: tetanus
• Active and passive immunoprophylaxis: typologies of vaccines and serums, vaccine strategies for vaccination in childhood, adulthood (in relation to occupational exposures) and the elderly.
• Pharmacological prophylaxis

Biological risk: general concepts and its management.
Health-care associated infections


C. Signorelli – Igiene e Sanità Pubblica - secrets domande e risposte 2017
Società Editrice Universo

Barbuti -Fara –Giammanco- Carducci- Coniglio - AAVV
IGIENE Ed.Monduzzi

Teaching methods


Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the level of learning achieved and the achievement of the objectives of the course will be carried out with an oral examination. During this test, the students must demonstrate that they have acquired and understood the contents of the course and are able to apply preventive actions in relation to the diseases treated. With regard to the minimum requirements of passing the exam, the student will demonstrate knowledge of at least the general prevention interventions to be applied in different transmission modes of infectious diseases and the topics of the strategies of immuno-and chemoprophylaxis.

Other information

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