cod. 1004038

Academic year 2012/13
3° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Fisica della materia (FIS/03)
Microfisico e della struttura della materia
Type of training activity
48 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: -
course unit
in - - -

Integrated course unit module: INTRODUCTION TO THE PHYSICS OF MATTER

Learning objectives

The aim is to provide the basis for the understanding of the more significant aspects of physics of matter: particles, nuclei, atoms and molecules, using the concepts of relativity and quantum mechanics.

The aim is to transfer knowledge and facilitate understanding
at a level which, using advanced texts, allows to approach the main aspects of Nuclear Physics, Atomic, Molecular and Particle and then provide the expertise to solve problems, interpret results and communicate properly, developing independent learning skills necessary for subsequent searches.


General Physics and Courses on Introduction to the Modern Physics (Relativity and Quantum Physics)

Course unit content

Introduction to Atomic and Molecular Physics, to the Nuclear Physics and to Particle Physics and fundamental interactions

Full programme

Mass and energy - Relativistic dynamics

Physics of the Nucleus - SEMF - nuclear Models - Introduction to Shell Model

Nuclear Reactions - radioactive decays - Energetics of the Nuclear Reactions

Neutron activation analysis - 14 C Dating - Rutherford Backscattering - PIXE - PIGE

Fission - Fusion

Atoms - Hydrogen atom - Angular moments - vector model - Spin - Symmetry - Selection rules - spin-orbit interaction - LS and jj coupling - perturbation theory and variational method - helium atom - Zeeman effect - Electronic configuration - spectral terms - equivalent electrons - levels - states - degeneration - polyelectronic atoms - Hartree Fock and Slater determinants - XPS

Molecules - MO-LCAO - Classification of states - Approximation techniques - Molecular Spectroscopy (vibrational, IR, Raman, UV-VIS) - Density Functional

Symmetries and applications of group theory - Selection Rules

Particles - Classification - Conservation laws - Quarks and standard model


Course Notes and materiale provide by the teacher

P.A. Tipler, R.A. Llewellyn: Modern Physics, WH Freeman
P. Atkins, Paula, F. Friedman: Quanta, Matter and Change, WH Freeman
B.R. Martin: Nuclear and Particle Physics. An introduction, Wiley
H. Haken, H.C. Wolf: The physics of atoms and quanta, Springer
P. Atkins, F. Friedman: Molecular Quantum Mechanics, Oxford UP
W.N. Cottingham, D.A.Greenwood: An introduction to nuclear physics, Cambridge UP
P.J. Mulders, W. Ubachs: The structure of Matter, UUA
W. Loveland, D.J. Morrison, G.T. Seaborg: Modern Nuclear Chemistry, Wiley
R.A. Serway, C.J. Moses, C.A. Moyer: Modern Physics, Thomson
R.G. Mortimer: Physical Chemistry, AP

Teaching methods

Lessons and many exercises

Assessment methods and criteria

Written and oral exam

Other information

Some introductory lectures are devoted to an outline of Quantum Mechanics