Knowledge of the primary arguments of the History of Philosophy from the 18th to the 20th centuries. The type of issues covered in this course makes it possible each year to examine key moments in the history of thought of this period with special attention given to the fundamental moments in preceding historical periods. Ability to comprehend the principal lines of argument of a philosophical text, including on the basis of lexical skills that make it possible to comprehend the relevance of given philosophical terms in given historical contexts. Knowledge of the type of problems and the method of approaching them in philosophy in relation to precise historical and cultural contexts. Within the context of the outlook offered in this course, knowledge of contemporary philosophical issue, both in terms of their historical genesis as well as their current relevance.