cod. 1006003

Academic year 2023/24
1° year of course - Second semester
- Elena MOTTI
Academic discipline
Chimica industriale (CHIM/04)
Discipline chimiche ambientali, biotecnologiche, industriali, tecniche ed economiche
Type of training activity
48 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

The course is aimed at:
-provide basic knowledges on the main processes of organic industrial chemistry for the production of intermediates and fine chemicals
- provide in-depth knowledges on the catalytic strategies of advanced industrial synthesis of fine chemicals
- provide detailed explanation of the chemical and catalytic mechanisms involved
- provide a first approach to environmental and safety issues related to the production of chemical derivatives on an industrial scale.

Conceptual tools are provided for a critical understanding of industrial catalytic processes.
The links between different parts of the course and with courses already attended by students in previous years and in current year are highlighted, with particular reference to the contents of organic, industrial and metallorganic chemistry.
The student must be able to evaluate the choice of the process, reagents, catalysts and technology; to understand issues related to production, environmental and safety costs.

During the course, the autonomous judgment and the discussion on the issues addressed are stimulated, with the use of online bibliographic research from accredited sources of primary literature.
Once the student has acquired the contents and methods of research of the same and learned the logical paths of connection between these contents, he will have to develop autonomous capacities that allow him to evaluate, compare, criticize and weigh negative and positive aspects of the catalytic chemical processes analyzed. and propose plausible innovations and improvements for them.

The acquisition of a formally correct language is required, the ability to express content in a clear and linear way is encouraged.



Course unit content

Oxidation processes:
simple oxidants; homogeneous and heterogeneous
catalysis; how to protect
products and materials from the harmful effect of oxygen.
Hydrogenation processes; asymmetric catalysis.

Oxidation-reduction processes (electrochemical): new technology in
electrochemical processes. Carbonylation processes: metal carbonyls. Carboxylation processes: direct introduction of carbon dioxide into
organic molecules. Formation of C-C bond processes; metathesis of unsaturated substrates.
Green chemistry and sustainable technology.

Full programme

Oxidation processes: how to use oxygen; hydrogen peroxide and others
simple oxidants; role of the metals; homogeneous and heterogeneous
catalysis of the oxidation processes of organic substrates; how to protect
products and materials from the harmful effect of oxygen; catalyst
Hydrogenation processes: use of hydrogen and hydride transfer in
homogeneous catalysis; asymmetric catalysis; use of hydrogen in
heterogeneous catalysis.
Halogenation processes: chlorination, oxychlorination and fluorination.
Oxidation-reduction processes (electrochemical): new technology in
electrochemical processes in organic solvents with particular regard to
the duplication of acrylonitrile; techniques of oxidation and reduction with
chemical reagents that revert to the initial oxidation state
electrochemically. Carbonylation processes: metal carbonyls; catalysis of the introduction of
carbon monoxide into organic substrates to form aldehydes, ketons,
acids and esters. Carboxylation processes: direct introduction of carbon dioxide into
organic molecules. Formation of C-C bond processes: catalysis of cyanation, dimerization,
oligomerization and metathesis of unsaturated substrates.


K. Weissermel, H.-J. Arpe, Industrial Organic Chemistry, Wiley-VCH,
Weinheim, 4th ed., 2003.
G.P. Chiusoli, P.M. Maitlis, Metal-catalysis in Industrial Organic Processes,
RSC Publishing, 2008.
J. Hagen, Industrial Catalysis, Wiley-VCH, 1999.
P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, Homogeneous Catalysis, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, 2004. G.C. Bond, Heterogeneous Catalysis, Oxford University Press, 1987.

Teaching methods

The course takes place over 48 hours of lectures, which will be held, unless otherwise specified, face by face. The lessons will be recorded and uploaded to Elly in asynchronous mode to allow students to use them remotely.
For all students it will be possible asking for additional explanations, face to face or remotely, by sending an e-mail to the teacher, and in particular for students who will follow remotely it will be possible to organize on request in a small group discussion sessions on the Teams platform.

The slides used during the lessons and other supporting material will be uploaded every week on the Elly platform. Registration for the online course is required to download the slides. The slides are considered an integral part of the teaching material. Non-attending students are reminded to check the available teaching materials and the indications provided by the teacher through the Elly platform. The teacher is available by appointment (e-mail) for further explanations.
During the course one or more seminars of experts and visits to chemical plants will be scheduled and promptly communicated to the students.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of learning takes place through an oral test ( face to face), during which the student must demonstrate
1) to have studied and understood the industrial chemical processes
2) to be able to compare and discuss independently and critically the processes: for e.g. new and older processes
3) to use a correct language to describe the processes
4) to be able to find connections between the contents of other courses: for e.g. to explain the reaction mechanism of an industrial process using the skills acquired in the Organometallic course.

The examination consists of questions concerning all the topics of the course.

The oral exam includes the discussion of a paper, selected by the student, on very recent progresses about one of the topic of the course.
The laude is assigned in the case of a score over 30 only if the candidate demonstrates the ability to argue critically and the ability to connect the different parts of the course. The skills of synthesis, use of a correct technical language and communication will be evaluated positively.

Other information