HUMAN ANATOMY
cod. 08614

Academic year 2022/23
1° year of course - Second semester
Professor
VITALE Marco, TONI Roberto, BARBARO Fulvio
Academic discipline
Anatomia umana (BIO/16)
Field
Morfologia umana
Type of training activity
Basic
90 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Integrated course unit module: ANATOMY I

Learning objectives

1 Knowledge and understanding
Systematic description of regional anatomy and morphology of human
body, its macro and microscopic features in the different periods of life,
know the organogenesis and phases of development

2 Applying knowledge and understanding
This knowledge must be applied to simple clinical reasonement (case
studies)

3 Making judgements
Students are expected to be able to follow a reasonement of functional
anatomy

4 Communication skills
Students are expected to use a proper technical language

5 Learning skills
Students are expected to be able to summarize a technical text

Prerequisites

Histology and General Embriology exam

Course unit content

Organogenesis of the skull, neck, trunk and limbs, and concepts of metamerism. General morphology of the human body and its various constitutional variants. General information on bones, joints, ligaments, skeletal muscles and fasciae. General features of the skull, sutures and fontanelles, pneumatic bones, main skeletal anthropometric references. Anterior surface of the skull, orbital cavity, nasal cavity, buccal cavity, frontal sinuses, maxillary sinuses, ethmoid sinuses; mimic muscles of the face. Lateral surface of the skull and temporal bone, sphenoid, mastoid sinuses, temporal-mandibular joint, masticatory muscles and fasciae. Rear surface of the skull: occipital bone, atlanto-occipital joints, muscles and sides of the neck. Cranial vault: external and internal surface, with references to muscles, ribs, meninges, venous sinuses. Skull base: internal and external surfaces, including references to the fossa, the sphenoidal sinus, the meninges, the bands and neck muscles, the blood vessels and nerves that pass through it, the viscera of the neck.
Arterial and venous blood supply, lymphatic system and somatic and visceral innervations of the skull and neck.
References of clinical anatomy of facial reconstruction, the vault and skull base and intracranial spaces.
Spine: bones, joints, ligaments, extensor muscles, hip flexors and rotators, chest bones, joints and intrinsic muscles.
Shoulder girdle: scapula, clavicle, joints and muscles of the shoulder girdle, muscles of the shoulder joint, muscles, joints.
Hips: bones, joints and muscles of the pelvis. The abdominal wall.
Arm and leg: bones, joints, muscles.





Cardio-vascular System: outline of the embryology and organogenesis; macro- and microscopic anatomy of the heart; morpho-functional, cellular and molecular characteristics of the blood vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries); arteries and veins of general and pulmonary circulations.
Respiratory System: macro- and microscopic anatomy of the upper and lower airways, lung and pleurae.
Lymphatic vascular System: topography of the lymphatic drainage; macro- and microscopic, molecular and functional anatomy of hemopoietic organs (bone marrow) and primary and secondary lymphoid organs (thymus, spleen, lymph nodes).
Urinary System: general organization and organogenesis; macro- and microscopic anatomy of the kidney, cytology and molecular anatomy of the nephron; topography and structure of the ureter, bladder and urethra.

Full programme

Organogenesis of the skull, neck, trunk and limbs, and concepts of metamerism. General morphology of the human body and its various constitutional variants. General information on bones, joints, ligaments, skeletal muscles and fasciae. General features of the skull, sutures and fontanelles, pneumatic bones, main skeletal anthropometric references. Anterior surface of the skull, orbital cavity, nasal cavity, buccal cavity, frontal sinuses, maxillary sinuses, ethmoid sinuses; mimic muscles of the face. Lateral surface of the skull and temporal bone, sphenoid, mastoid sinuses, temporal-mandibular joint, masticatory muscles and fasciae. Rear surface of the skull: occipital bone, atlanto-occipital joints, muscles and sides of the neck. Cranial vault: external and internal surface, with references to muscles, ribs, meninges, venous sinuses. Skull base: internal and external surfaces, including references to the fossa, the sphenoidal sinus, the meninges, the bands and neck muscles, the blood vessels and nerves that pass through it, the viscera of the neck.
Arterial and venous blood supply, lymphatic system and somatic and visceral innervations of the skull and neck.
References of clinical anatomy of facial reconstruction, the vault and skull base and intracranial spaces.
Spine: bones, joints, ligaments, extensor muscles, hip flexors and rotators, chest bones, joints and intrinsic muscles.
Shoulder girdle: scapula, clavicle, joints and muscles of the shoulder girdle, muscles of the shoulder joint, muscles, joints.
Hips: bones, joints and muscles of the pelvis. The abdominal wall.
Arm and leg: bones, joints, muscles.
Cardio-vascular System: outline of the embryology and organogenesis; macro- and microscopic anatomy of the heart; morpho-functional, cellular and molecular characteristics of the blood vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries); arteries and veins of general and pulmonary circulations.
Respiratory System: macro- and microscopic anatomy of the upper and lower airways, lung and pleurae.
Lymphatic vascular System: topography of the lymphatic drainage; macro- and microscopic, molecular and functional anatomy of hemopoietic organs (bone marrow) and primary and secondary lymphoid organs (thymus, spleen, lymph nodes).
Urinary System: general organization and organogenesis; macro- and microscopic anatomy of the kidney, cytology and molecular anatomy of the nephron; topography and structure of the ureter, bladder and urethra.

Bibliography

SOBOTTA Anatomia Umana, edizione italiana a cura di M.Vitale, Ed. EDRA
TRATTATO di Anatomia Umana (Anastasi et al.), Ed. EdiErmes;
NETTER Atlante di Anatomia Umana, Ed. EDRA
PROMETHEUS - Atlante di Anatomia, edizione italiana a cura di E.Gaudio, Ed. EdiSES.

Teaching methods

Class lessons, on-line lessons, problem-solving tutorials with evaluation of the anatomical diagnostic performance, use of anatomical specimens and models, seminars of experts

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of a written test. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Specifically: written test with 15 questions of multiple choice type (concerning musculoskeletal and locomotor systems) and 5 questions (concerning anatomy of the cardiovascular, respiratory, lymphatic and urinary systhems). The student must give at least 18/30 correct answers.

Other information

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