The students will learn about the organization of tissues and organs of the human body. This knowledge will allow them to better understand the subsequent classes of biochemistry, physiology, pathology and pharmacology.
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Course unit content
Organization of human body: terminology and body plans. Concept of organ, apparatus and system.
Tissues: the epithelium of the skin, the glandular epithelia, the connective, the cartilage, the bone, the muscular (smooth, skeletal and cardiac) and the nervous tissue.
The tegument: microscopic anatomy of the skin and of the cutaneous elements.
Locomotion apparatus: general characteristics and classification of bones, joint and muscle.
Blood and lymphatic vascular apparata: morphology and structure of heart. Structure of arteries, veins and blood capillaries. General characteristics of pulmonary and systemic circulation. General characteristics of lymphatic circulation and lymphopoietic organs (lymph nodes, speen, etc.).
Digestive system: morphology and structure of oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Associated glands: liver, pancreas. The peritoneum.
Respiratory system: morphology and structure of nose cavities, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs. The pleura.
Urinary system: morphology and structure of kidney and urinary tract.
The genital apparatus: morphology structure of the masculine gonad (testicle) and of the female gonad (ovaio). Ovarian cycle. Decription of uterine tubes, uterus.
Endocrine apparatus: general characteristics of structural organization of endocrine glands (thyroid, parathyroid, hypophysis, epiphys, adrenal glands, thymus, Langerhans islets).
Nervous system: organization of central nervous system and its components (spinal cord, encephalic trunk, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon). Main ways of general sensitivity and of motor system. General organization of peripheral and autonomic nervous system.
Organs of sense general notions of the anatomy of the ear and of the eye.