PHYSIOLOGY
cod. PR05319

Academic year 2022/23
1° year of course - First semester
Professor
- Marzio GERBELLA
Academic discipline
Fisiologia (BIO/09)
Field
Scienze biomediche
Type of training activity
Basic
30 hours
of face-to-face activities
3 credits
hub:
course unit
in

Integrated course unit module: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Learning objectives

To provide the basic notions concerning the functional properties of the central nervous system, the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastroenteric and renal apparatus.

Prerequisites

Basic notions concerning physic, chemistry and biology.

Course unit content

The course will deal with basic notions concerning the physiology of the central nervous system, the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastroenteric, and renal apparatus.

Full programme

1) Physiology of the nervous system:
- Structure and characteristics of the nerve cell.
- The action potential.
- Synapses and receptors.
- Somatic sensitivity and receptors (the Pacini corpuscle).
- Organization of somatic systems.
- Organization of engine systems.
- Spinal reflexes.
-Organization of motor and sensory cortices. Somatotopy.

2) Cardiovascular system:
-The properties of the myocardium: autorimitmicità, conductivity, excitability, contractility.
- Elements of cardiac electrophysiology: ionic theories of resting potential and action potential.
-L'Elettrocardiogramma.
- Mechanical events of the cardiac cycle.
- Cardiac output and pulse volume.
- The intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of cardiac activity.
- The vascular system.
- Blood pressure.

3) Respiratory system:
- The rib cage and the respiratory muscles.
- Volumes and lung capacity.
- Respiratory mechanics.
- The alveolus-capillary exchanges of gases. Gas exchange in tissues.
- Transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.

4) Gastrointestinal system
- Mechanisms of nervous and hormonal control of gastrointestinal functions. - Motility of the digestive system: chewing, swallowing, gastric and intestinal motility, defecation.
- Digestive system secretions: saliva, gastric juice, pancreatic juice, bile.
-Digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and vitamins

5) Urinary system:
-The kidney. Structure / operation report. Blood spraying.
- Glomerular filtration.
- Tubular secretion and absorption in the different segments.
- Regulation of the hydro-saline balance.

Bibliography

Chapters concerning the reproductive system of the following textbooks:
Fisiologia.
Edra editore.
A cura di Linda Costanzo

Fondamenti Fisiologia dell’Uomo. Edi-Ermes.

Stanfield - Fisiologia. Edi SES

Vander - Fisiologia. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

Teaching methods

Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards, provided that further instructions on the ongoing health emergency are not implemented. Supporting material will be available on the specific, student-reserved platform (Elly) and will include slide presentations, audio-video aids or video-recording of the lectures.

Assessment methods and criteria

Written examination with multiple choice questions. Questions will concern the contents taught during the classes. The examination will verify the level of general learning of the contents taught during the classes.

Other information

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