HUMAN ANATOMY
cod. 14431

Academic year 2022/23
2° year of course - First semester
Professor
VITALE Marco, TONI Roberto, GOBBI Giuliana, MASSELLI Elena, CARUBBI Cecilia
Academic discipline
Anatomia umana (BIO/16)
Field
Morfologia umana
Type of training activity
Basic
70 hours
of face-to-face activities
7 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Integrated course unit module: ANATOMY II

Learning objectives

LEARNING ENDPOINTS
1 Knowledge and understanding
Systematic description of regional anatomy and morphology of human body, its macro and microscopic features in the different periods of life, organogenesis and phases of development

2 Applying knowledge and understanding
This knowledge must be applied to simple clinical reasoning (case studies)

3 Making judgements
Students are expected to be able to follow a reasonement of functional anatomy
4 Communication skills
Students are expected to use a proper anatomical language

5 Learning skills
Students are expected to be able to summarize a technical text

Prerequisites

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Course unit content

Digestive system: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy and organogenesis of the digestive tract and related glands. Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity.
Reproductive System: general characteristics and organogenesis. Female reproductive system: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the ovary, uterine tube, uterus and vagina; morphological and functional aspects of the uterine and ovarian cycles. Male reproductive system: morphology and structure of the testis, epididymis, prostate and ductal system. Genitalia.
Endocrine System: morphology, architecture and structure of the endocrine glands: hypophysis, epiphysis, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal gland, paragangli, endocrine pancreas, cromaffine system and widespread neuroendocrine system.
Neuroanatomy: organogenesis and general organization of the nervous system. Macroscopic anatomy, architecture and structure of the spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon with morpho-functional correlations. The cranial nerves. Pathways of voluntary and automatic motility. General visceral sensitivity. Anatomy of the visual, auditory and vestibular systems. The meninges, the cerebrospinal fluid and the ventricular cavities. Skull-brain topography. The autonomous nervous system. The peripheral nervous system: macroscopic anatomy with functional correlations and innervation territories.

Full programme

Digestive system: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy and organogenesis of the digestive tract and related glands. Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity.
Reproductive System: general characteristics and organogenesis. Female reproductive system: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the ovary, uterine tube, uterus and vagina; morphological and functional aspects of the uterine and ovarian cycles. Male reproductive system: morphology and structure of the testis, epididymis, prostate and ductal system. Genitalia.
Endocrine System: morphology, architecture and structure of the endocrine glands: hypophysis, epiphysis, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal gland, paragangli, endocrine pancreas, cromaffine system and widespread neuroendocrine system.
Neuroanatomy: organogenesis and general organization of the nervous system. Macroscopic anatomy, architecture and structure of the spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon with morpho-functional correlations. The cranial nerves. Pathways of voluntary and automatic motility. General visceral sensitivity. Anatomy of the visual, auditory and vestibular systems. The meninges, the cerebrospinal fluid and the ventricular cavities. Skull-brain topography. The autonomous nervous system. The peripheral nervous system: macroscopic anatomy with functional correlations and innervation territories.

Bibliography

*SOBOTTA Anatomia Umana, edizione italiana a cura di M.Vitale, Ed. EDRA
• TRATTATO DI ANATOMIA UMANA (Anastasi et al.), Ed. EdiErmes;
• BARR: IL SISTEMA NERVOSO DELL'UOMO (Kiernan, Rajakumar), seconda edizione Ed. EdiSES;
Atlanti:
• PROMETHEUS - Atlante di Anatomia (Gilroy et al.), edizione italiana a cura di Gaudio, Ed. EdiSES.
• Anatomia Umana. Atlante (Anastasi, Tacchetti), Ed. EdiErmes;

Teaching methods

Class lectures, dissections. Practical lesson of microscopic anatomy and direct experience on anatomical models.

Assessment methods and criteria

The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists in an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course the student preparation will be tested. Exams will specifically consist of 2 phases, as follows. Phase 1: identification and description of two microscopy slides; the student must recognize and describe both slides. Phase 2: oral examination with the evaluation of the knowledge of anatomy of digestive, reproductive and endocrine systems, neuroanatomy and topographic anatomy. The student must be successful in both phases, as indicated.

Other information

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