cod. 1000727

Academic year 2021/22
3° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Farmaceutico tecnologico applicativo (CHIM/09)
Discipline chimiche, farmaceutiche e tecnologiche
Type of training activity
56 hours
of face-to-face activities
7 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

The module of Pharmaceutical Technology has the aim of providing the basic knowledge on formulation design, manufacturing and use of the most common dosage forms on the market.

In particular, the students will have to:

1) Identify the nature and function of excipients in a medicinal product (Knowledge and understanding);
2) Recognize the most common dosage forms and understand their administration routes (Knowledge and understanding);
3) Propose a formulation design and manufacturing approach for common dosage forms (Applying knowledge and understanding).
4) Evaluate advantages and limitations of a specific dosage form or administration route (Making judgements)
5) Know and understand the fundamental concepts of efficacy, safety and quality at the basis of the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and the Good Compounding Practices (GCoP) (Knowledge and understanding).
6) Know and apply the tests required to evaluate the conformity of pharmaceutical products to the quality requirements of Pharmacopoeias (Applying knowledge and understanding).
7) Present and illustrate a medicinal product using the appropriate technical language in a way that is at the same time simple and understandable by patients (Communication skills).


In order to take the final exam Pharmaceutics/Galenic Preparations Laboratory the student have to be already passed both the exams of Organic Chemistry and General Physiology.

Course unit content

The Module of Pharmaceutical Technology will provide the fundamental concepts on the design of medicinal products, on the manufacturing of dosage forms and their use by patients.

The Module, delivered in person, is divided in three parts:
- An introduction to biopharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics and administration routes;
- A general part dedicated to excipients and to basic pharmaceutical operations (milling, mixing, dissolution, filtration, sterilization and drying);
- A section dedicated to single dosage forms, to their manufacturing and quality control according to the current norm (Good Manufacturing Practice, GMP)

Full programme

• Definition of drugs, dosage forms and medicines
• Pharmacopoeia and Formulary, GMP
• Biopharmaceutic and pharmacokinetics
• Administration routes

General part
• Pharmaceutical excipients: types, classification and functions
• Pharmaceutical Operations: Milling; Mixing; Dissolution; Filtration; Sterilization; Drying.
• Pharmaceutical packaging
• Pharmaceutical products stability.

Dosage forms
• Liquid dosage forms: solutions (drops, syrups and elixir), suspensions, emulsions;
• Powders;
• Granules, pellets;
• Capsules
• Tablets;
• Semisolid dosage forms (ointments, creams, pastes, gels);
• Suppositories and pessaries;
• Parenteral dosage forms;
• Eye drops;
• Nasal dosage forms (drops, sparys, powders)
• Pulmonary dosage forms (nebulizers, pMDI, DPI)
• Herbal and homeopathic products


P. Colombo, P.L. Catellani, A. Gazzaniga, E. Menegatti, E. Vidale: "Principi di Tecnologie Farmaceutiche", 2° Ed. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano, 2015.

H. Ansel, S. Stockton: “Principi di calcolo farmaceutico” (A cura di: Gaia Colombo, Alessandra Rossi, Paola Russo, Fabio Sonvico) EDRA, 2017

Support texts:

F. Bettiol. Manuale delle preparazioni galeniche: arte del preparare e attrezzature per oltre 1500 formulazioni magistrali, officinali, fitoterapiche e omeopatiche, 4. Ed
Tecniche nuove, Milano, 2016

Farmacopea Ufficiale della Repubblica Italiana, XII Edizione, Istituto
Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma (2008);

European pharmacopoeia 9 Ed. Strasbourg, Council of Europe, 2016

Medicamenta : guida teorico pratica per sanitari, 6. Ed. Milano, Cooperativa Farmaceutica, 1976

Slides will be made available weekly on Elly portal

Teaching methods

The Pharmaceutical Technology module is carried out through a series of lectures (in person) integrated with audio/video support material(uploaded on the portal Elly).

All slides are made available online at the Elly website.

Students will be constantly reminded the appropriate technical language, exposed to real-life examples, invited to understand the underlying connections between different parts of the course and other subjects and will be stimulated to actively participate to the lectures with interactive discussions.

Assessment methods and criteria

The overall evaluation of the student preparation will be carried out in three distinct assessments:

1) Practical exam consisting in the preparation of the compounding documentation of a medication on the basis of a medical prescription. This practical exam (90 minutes) will be carried out online marking of the the technical report prepared for formalism, fulfilments, labelling and pricing (mark out of 30; 20% of the overall mark);
2) A written exam, through the solving of pharmaceutical calculations will evaluate the applying and understanding of knowledge of students. The online exam (90 minutes) will consist in 5 pharmaceutical problems to be solved. The exam is passed solving at least 3 problems out of 5 (mark out of 30; 20% of the overall mark);
3) Oral exam (in presence or online upon request) consisting in three questions to assess:
- student knowledge and understanding of the subject studied
- student judgement and understanding of the interconnections between different aspects of the course
- student communication skills in technical and scientific language;
- student ability to apply and use the knowledge acquired with independent and competent reasoning.
The opportunity to start the discussion with students is given by submitting them a pharmaceutical product for their examination (mark out of 30; 60% of the overall mark).

The final mark is obtained by the weighed average of the marks of the single assessments.

Students can register online for the exam using portal ESSE3 ( in the sessions available on the official exams calendar of the Department of Food and Drug.

Exams results are announced at the end of the oral exam and will be available online at ESSE3 portal ( within one week from the exam date.

Other information

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