cod. 1005913

Academic year 2017/18
1° year of course - First semester
Academic discipline
Paleontologia e paleoecologia (GEO/01)
Discipline geologiche e paleontologiche
Type of training activity
65 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit

Learning objectives

The course deals with marine paleoecology and its objective is to knowledge and understand how fossils can be applied for paleoenviromental reconstruction at level of individual, population and community.


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Course unit content

- Introduction (definitions and subdivision of paleoecology; relationships between ecology and paleoecology);
- Basic concepts of ecology and the marine ecosystem (physical environments, life modes and trophic strategies of marine organisms);
- Environmental control on organism distribution in the marine environments;
- Taxonomic uniformism and functional morphology;
- Fossils as environmental indicators;
- Paleoecologic reconstruction at population and community levels;
- Quantitative analysis of fossils assemblages
- Practicals: 1) analysis at microscope of foraminiferal assemblages indicative of different marine paleoenvironments; 2) examples of paleoenviromental/paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic reconstructions based on fossil foraminiferal assemblages.

Full programme

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1)Brenchley P.J. & Harper D.A.T., 1998. Palaeoecology: ecosystem,
environments and evolution. Chapman & Hall.
2)Goldring R., 1991. Fossils in the field. Information potential and
analysis. Longman Scientific &Technical.
3)Raffi S. & Serpagli E., 1993. Introduzione alla Paleontologia. Utet.
4)Murray J.W., 1993. Ecology and paleoecology of benthic foraminifera.
Longman Scientific &Technical.
5)Murray J., 2006. Ecology and Applications of benthic foraminifera.
Cambridge University Press.
6)Pinet P.R., 2006. Invitation to Oceanography. Jones & Bartlett.
7)Odum E.P., 1988. Basi di Ecologia. Piccin Editore.

Teaching methods

oral and practical (also microscope) lesson

Assessment methods and criteria

oral exam

Other information

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