FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF CHEMISTRY FOR INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND NEW MATERIALS
cod. 1005639

Academic year 2017/18
3° year of course - Second semester
Professor
GRAIFF Claudia
Academic discipline
Fondamenti chimici delle tecnologie (CHIM/07)
Field
A scelta dello studente
Type of training activity
Student's choice
42 hours
of face-to-face activities
6 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in ITALIAN

Learning objectives

Knowledge and understanding:
At the end of the course the student will have integrated his knowledge about natural phenomena governing the transformation of matter, will have a complete overview of the laws governing the structure of atoms, molecules, compounds and materials. Emphasize the relationship between science and practical applications
Applying knowledge and understanding:
At the end of the course the student will have developed the ability to understand some physical and chemical characteristics of the substances, such as state of aggregation and volatility, hardness and fragility, capability of absorb electromagnetic radiation, colored materials, based on the knowledge of their structure.
Making judgments:
By the end of the course, the student should be able to evaluate, with critical mind, the experimental measurements of chemical transformation, and choose the best methodologies of analysis for unknown materials.
Communication skills:
By the end of the course, the student should be able to clearly present the experimental results of spectrochemical analysis of unknown compounds and materials. Slides are available on the Elly Platform upon registration

Prerequisites

A solid background in chemistry is recommended.

Course unit content

We recall some basic concepts of general chemistry such as the connection between the structure of matter and the chemical and physical properties.
Basic concepts of chemical bonding and intermolecular forces. Study of the solid state. The unit cell. Interaction between X rays and the crystal lattices. The X ray diffraction methodology as a technique for the investigation of materials. UV-visible spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy and mass spectroscopy. Fluorescence and phosphorescence.
Basic concepts of electrochemistry. Galvanic and electrolytic cells. Commercial cells. Accumulators. Lead accumulators. Lithium ions generators.
Synthesis, characterization and properties of polymeric materials. Polyaddition and polycondesation reactions.
Sol gel methodology in the synthesis of colloidal materials. Gel, xerogel and aerogel. Ceramics materials.
Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies. SEM, AFM and STM techniques.

Full programme

We recall some basic concepts of general chemistry such as the connection between the structure of matter and the chemical and physical properties.
Basic concepts of chemical bonding and intermolecular forces. Study of the solid state. The unit cell. Interaction between X rays and the crystal lattices. The X ray diffraction methodology as a technique for the investigation of materials. UV-visible spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy and mass spectroscopy. Fluorescence and phosphorescence.
Basic concepts of electrochemistry. Galvanic and electrolytic cells. Commercial cells. Accumulators. Lead accumulators. Lithium ions generators.
Synthesis, characterization and properties of polymeric materials. Polyaddition and polycondesation reactions.
Sol gel methodology in the synthesis of colloidal materials. Gel, xerogel and aerogel. Ceramics materials.
Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies. SEM, AFM and STM techniques

Bibliography

W. F. Smith, J. Hashemi; Scienza e tecnologia dei materiali. Mc Graw-Hill
W. D. Callister, D. G. Rethwisch, Scienza e Ingegneria dei materiali. EdiSES
Slides provided by the professor.

Teaching methods

Oral lesson

Assessment methods and criteria

The examination is based on a written test regarding spectroscopic methods of analysis, and regarding the preparation of new materials based on the sol gel process. The examination is weighted as follows: theoretic answers of the questions 30%, application of theory to the instrumentation methods 40% and speaking ability 30%.

Other information

Attendance is recommended