# PHYSICS cod. 05779

1° year of course - Second semester
Professor
ABBRUZZETTI Stefania
Fisica applicata (a beni culturali, ambientali, biologia e medicina) (FIS/07)
Field
Discipline matematiche, fisiche e informatiche
Type of training activity
Basic
73 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
hub: PARMA
course unit
in - - -

## Learning objectives

The course gives, with a simplified approach, some basic concepts which are necessary to some of the following biology and chemistry courses. In particular, the contents of the present course offer a physical description of the mechanisms underlying many processes relevant for chemistry and biology.

Knowledge and understanding
The student should prove to be able to know and understand some of the most important aspects of classical physics, and of the physical laws controlling them.

Applying knowledge and understanding
The student should be able to understand similarities and differences between physical systems, and to comprehend physical laws. The student should be able to comprehend the essential aspects of physical laws, perform independently simple exercises, analyze the data and summarize the problems in their essential aspects.

## Prerequisites

Basics of arithmetic, algebra and calculus

## Course unit content

Introduction
Physical quantities and Units. Vectors and scalars. Operations with vectors. Dimensional analysis and order of magnitude. Measurements and errors.
Mechanics
Physical quantities and Units. Vectors and scalars. Operations with vectors. Spece-time diagram. Position, velocity, acceleration. Newton’s laws. Fundamental interactions. Work. Work-kinetic energy theorem. Potential energy. Conservation of energy. Equilibrium. Rotary motion. Kinetic energy of a rotating body. Torque.
Fluid mechanics
Stevino’s law. Archimede’s law. Continuity equation. Bernoulli’s theorem. Viscosity. Laminar and turbulent flow. Stoke’s law. Surface tension. Capillaries and Laplace law.
Thermodynamics
Temperature scales. Kinetic theory of gases. Equipartition of energy. Internal energy. Specific heat. Latent heat and phase transitions. Work and heat. First law of thermodynamics. Some selected transformations. Heat propagation. Heat engines. Reversible and irreversible transformations. Entropy. Second law of thermodynamics. Carnot’s cycle.
Electromagnetism
Electric charge. Insulators and conductors. Induction and polarization. Coulomb’s law. Electric field. Voltage. Capacity. Capacitors and resistors. Ohm’s and Joule’s laws. Magnetic field. Lorentz force. Ampère’s law. Faraday’s law. Generalized Ampère’s law. Electromagnetic waves. Energy associated with the electromagnetic waves. Spectrum of electromagnetic waves. Polarization. Light refraction. Light dispersion.
Optics
Electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic spectrum. Diffraction. Interference. Geometrical optics approximations. Light reflection and refraction. Snell’s law. Total reflection. Plane mirrors. Lens and images forming. Relationship between conjugate points. Lenses’ builders equation. Applications to spectroscopic techniques.

## Full programme

Introduction
Physical quantities and Units. Vectors and scalars. Operations with vectors. Dimensional analysis and order of magnitude. Measurements and errors.
Mechanics
Physical quantities and Units. Vectors and scalars. Operations with vectors. Spece-time diagram. Position, velocity, acceleration. Newton’s laws. Fundamental interactions. Work. Work-kinetic energy theorem. Potential energy. Conservation of energy. Equilibrium. Rotary motion. Kinetic energy of a rotating body. Torque.
Fluid mechanics
Stevino’s law. Archimede’s law. Continuity equation. Bernoulli’s theorem. Viscosity. Laminar and turbulent flow. Stoke’s law. Surface tension. Capillaries and Laplace law.
Thermodynamics
Temperature scales. Kinetic theory of gases. Equipartition of energy. Internal energy. Specific heat. Latent heat and phase transitions. Work and heat. First law of thermodynamics. Some selected transformations. Heat propagation. Heat engines. Reversible and irreversible transformations. Entropy. Second law of thermodynamics. Carnot’s cycle.
Electromagnetism
Electric charge. Insulators and conductors. Induction and polarization. Coulomb’s law. Electric field. Voltage. Capacity. Capacitors and resistors. Ohm’s and Joule’s laws. Magnetic field. Lorentz force. Ampère’s law. Faraday’s law. Generalized Ampère’s law. Electromagnetic waves. Energy associated with the electromagnetic waves. Spectrum of electromagnetic waves. Polarization. Light refraction. Light dispersion.
Optics
Electromagnetic waves and electromagnetic spectrum. Diffraction. Interference. Geometrical optics approximations. Light reflection and refraction. Snell’s law. Total reflection. Plane mirrors. Lens and images forming. Relationship between conjugate points. Lenses’ builders equation. Applications to spectroscopic techniques.

## Bibliography

Principi di Fisica vol I
Serway Jewett
EdiSES

## Teaching methods

Oral lessons and exercises

Written exam

## Other information

Office hours by appointment (Email).