cod. 13102

Academic year 2012/13
1° year of course - Second semester
Academic discipline
Geometria (MAT/03)
Matematica, informatica e statistica
Type of training activity
63 hours
of face-to-face activities
9 credits
course unit
in - - -

Learning objectives

Supply the student with tools for:
a) solve systems of linear equations;
b) diagonalize (symmetric) matrices;
c) solve easy problems of analytic geometry;
d) recognize the type of a conic and write its canonical form.


Precourse. This exam is preparatory to "Analisi matematica 2".

Course unit content

Linear algebra and analytic geometry.

Full programme

1. Real and complex vector spaces. Linear subspaces: sum and intersection. Linear combinations of vectors: linear dipendence/indipendence. Generators, bases and dimension of a vector spaces. Grassmann formula for subspaces.

2. Determinants: Laplace expansion and basic properties. Binet theorem. Row and column elementary operations on matrices. Computation of the inverse matrix. Rank of a matrix.

3. Linear systems: Gauss-Jordan method and Rouché Capelli theorem.

4. Linear maps. Definition of kernel and image; fundamental theorem on linear maps. Matrix representation of a linear map and change of bases. Isomorphisms and inverse matrix.

5. Endomorphisms of a vector space: eigenvalues, eigenvector and eigenspaces. Characteristic polynomial. Algebraic and geometric multiplicity. Diagonalizable endomorphisms.

6. Scalar products. Orthogonal complement of a linear subspace. Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization process. Representation of isometries by orthogonal matrices. The orthogonal group. Diagonalization of symmetric matrices: spectral theorem. Positivity criterion for scalar product: Hurewicz theorem.

7. Two and three dimensional analytic geometry. Parametric and Cartesian equations of a line. Mutual position between two lines in the space; skew lines. Equation of a plane. Canonical scalar product and distance. Vector product and its fundamental properties. Distance of a point from a line and from a plane.

8. Conics: elementary properties. Affine and Euclidean classifications. Affine invariants and canonical form of a conic. Center of symmetry and axes.


F. Capocasa, C.Medori: "Corso di Geometria", ed. S.Croce.

Teaching methods

Lessons (on the blackboard).

Assessment methods and criteria

Written examination (preceded by a test)
and oral examination.

Other information

Lecture attendance is highly recommended.